How Tour de France Climbers Train for the World’s Toughest Mountains

How Tour de France Climbers Train for the World’s Toughest Mountains

You only have to look at them to know climbers are a different breed of cyclist. Here's how the very best in the world train for the Tour de France.

Pro tour riders all have specific strengths that make them an asset to their team. Whether they’re known for being sprinters, time trialists, general classification riders (GC), or climbers, they all have areas where they shine. While all of these phenotypes come with their own unique skill sets, it’s often the classic climbs of the Tour de France that capture the audience’s attention and imagination. Let’s look more closely at what classifies a climber on the Tour, and how mere mortals might train to be stronger when things tilt skyward.

What Makes a Climber?

What’s the difference between a rider built for climbing and those who focus on other disciplines? First and foremost, great climbers have a high strength-to-weight ratio (W/Kg). They’re often able to hold 5-6 W/Kg on climbs lasting several kilometers at very steep grades. They accomplish this by maintaining a lean and light body type while still being able to put out high power for longer durations. This gives them an advantage over sprinters and time trialists who may be bigger riders or aren’t able to maintain power for as long as needed in the mountains.

Typically these climbing specialists also have a very high VO2 max. These genetically gifted riders produce VO2s in the 70-90 ml/min/Kg range, determining their high aerobic capacity and ability to produce energy aerobically. High W/Kg, genetically gifted VO2 max, and the right body type make these athletes ideal for the high mountains of the Tour.

How to Train for Climbing

Just like the pro riders, any rider hoping to get faster on hills should focus should on increasing watts per kilogram. When the terrain begins to go upward, W/Kg is what matters most. The two most productive things an athlete can do to be prepared for climbing are to find their ideal body weight and increase their power. This will yield a maximum strength-to-weight ratio.

Other key areas should be developing your body’s lactate clearing potential, aerobic and anaerobic capacity, muscular strength, and threshold. This can be accomplished by executing workouts that prepare the body for the rigors of climbing. Try integrating increasingly longer efforts at or just below FTP to encourage aerobic and muscular gains. Also, include shorter efforts above threshold to train the body to efficiently use anaerobic sources of energy. Climbing, like any other bike skill, can be learned and developed over time with consistent and proper focus.

The massive climbs of Europe are what helped make the Tour de France the exciting race that it is. They push riders to their physical and mental limits by asking the absolute most from each athlete. Climbing specialists in the pro peloton have developed the power necessary to conquer these climbs, along with ideal body type and natural ability. While most athletes aren’t pro tour riders, every cyclist can focus on being a more confident and proficient climber regardless of their genetic predisposition.

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