Go Faster Before You Go Longer

Go Faster Before You Go Longer

You might not always get the “wow” factor when you tell your friends, but maybe you should. There’s a strong case to be made for racing shorter events.

Humans tend to like ordinal hierarchy structures, and we love to attain the next rung on the ladder. Ordinal categories in road running could be race distances like the 5k, 10k, half marathon, and marathon. Of course, it’s only natural to see each as a rung of the road running ladder that we climb.

But this focus on distance can take away from other markers of improvement. For example, imagine telling a friend that you shaved 3 minutes and 44 seconds off your 5k over 12 weeks. Unless she’s involved in your training, or races 5ks herself, this sort of improvement can be difficult to put into context. Tell someone you completed your first marathon, on the other hand, and you’ll likely get real excitement.

Of course, some partially ordinal demarcations do exist as “household names” in running races, for example: a 3-hour marathon vs a 4-hour marathon, or the recently-famed 2-hour barrier. In the track and field world, everyone knows the tale of the 4-minute mile, and countless athletes celebrate their first 5-minute mile. But even as endurance athletes, these ordinal demarcations in time aren’t nearly as prominent in our lexicon as common race distances like 5k, 10k, half marathon, and marathon.

In part, that is why there has been such immense popularity in the longest race distances; it’s easier for us to conceptualize achievement in terms of distance (or “rungs”) than time. But are we acting rationally in choosing distance over speed? If you’re not sure what’s mostly at play in your own mind, then you might want to consider going faster before you go longer!

Going Shorter is Harder

For one thing, it’s not that hard for a relatively fit person to complete a race of almost any distance given some coaching and enough time. Going longer is foundationally a matter of building volume tolerance, and then making sure you fuel appropriately. Going faster, on the other hand, requires the painful use of various energy systems in training, and may require strength training, and/or learning and drilling technical aspects of the race.

You’ll Get Different Adaptations

Going faster leads an athlete to be more well-rounded, and is certainly more mentally engaging than logging 6-hour long workouts. Developing the speed, strength, and power, by training for higher-intensity events also lends itself to better long-term orthopedic and cardiovascular health than does training for the ultra-distance events and certainly allows for more-than-sufficient aerobic fitness for high quality of life.

There are Events for Every Distance

There is a reason the running events in the Olympics and World Championships include everything from the 100m to the marathon. It’s because they all test something different! And when performed at their highest levels, all are equally challenging. The case could be made that the shortest of road races and triathlons are the most painful and thus the most challenging, since there is good scientific evidence that events lasting 2-10 minutes are the most excruciating.

You Can Free Up Time and Mix Up Your Goals

If I could send one message to the endurance world, it would be this: get faster at the distance you currently compete in! Did you finish middle to back of the pack of your 5k or sprint triathlon? Get on the podium next year! Did you place in your age group? Win the race next year! Don’t care about placing? Aim to take 5-10% off your time from last year!

There will always be something longer to chase. Even if you decide to go longer a few years down the road, the training you did to go faster will not have been lost, and will serve you very well in the longer events. In the meantime, you might even have more time each week to spend with family, and be less likely to get burnt out! Let’s make “moving down” the new “moving up.”

Alex Harrison

Dr. Alex Harrison holds a PhD in Sport Physiology and is currently the lead endurance sport performance consultant for Renaissance Periodization. A former instructor of exercise physiology and structural anatomy, as well as a former NCAA track and field coach, he has since amassed experience working with over 700 athletes one-on-one. His clients include Olympic medalists and youth athletes; professional and first-time triathletes; and NCAA All-Americans as well as newbie runners. His expertise as a coach and nutrition expert has been called upon in Runner's World, Healthline, Self, Shape, Men’s Journal, and POPSUGAR. He is a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS), a Level 3 USA Track and Field coach and certified Level 1 USA Track and Field instructor, certified USA Weightlifting coach, and Level 1 USA Triathlon coach. He and his wife, Michelle Howe, cofounded and ran Excelerate Sport, a sport performance training facility for youth in Snohomish, WA.