A Female Cyclist Cresting A Hill With A Vista Behind Her

Resources for Coaching Women Endurance Athletes

Coaching female endurance athletes demands a comprehensive understanding of their unique physiological needs, enabling coaches to optimize performance while ensuring long-term health and well-being.

The world of endurance sports is complex and demanding, requiring a nuanced understanding of athletes’ unique physiological needs. For women endurance athletes, this understanding is further complicated by factors such as the menstrual cycle, menopause, contraception, pregnancy, postpartum, heart rate variability, the Female Athlete Triad and other factors.

Women are not small men, though most endurance research has been conducted primarily on men and generally applied to women’s training. As more women document and lead other women through training and racing, and research has begun to focus on women-focused physiology, better guidance is being provided. In this collection of blog posts, experts will highlight key points to help coaches better navigate the unique needs women face.

By understanding and addressing these unique challenges, coaches can better support female endurance athletes in reaching their full potential while maintaining long-term health and well-being.

a photo of a woman's torso in while running in shorts and a tank top with a water bottle

HRV, Athlete Performance and the Menstrual Cycle

Heart rate variability (HRV) is an important indicator of recovery and performance. Coaches should monitor HRV during different phases of the menstrual cycle to better understand an athlete’s individual response to training and recovery.


a woman running on a multi-user path in the rain

The Effects of Contraception on Female Athletes’ Performance

Understanding the menstrual cycle and its effects on athletic performance, recovery, and injury risk is crucial. Coaches ought to be aware of hormonal fluctuations and their potential impact on performance, adapting training accordingly.


Active pregnant woman running across the bridge with a beautiful view of the city

Coaching Athletes Through Pregnancy and Postpartum

Pregnancy and postpartum recovery present unique challenges for female athletes. Coaches must adapt training programs to accommodate the physical and emotional demands of these periods, focusing on safety, gradual progression and long-term well-being.


a male cycling coach riding with a female athlete on a road

Why Coaches Should Know About the Menstrual Cycle’s Power

Understanding the menstrual cycle and its effects on athletic performance, recovery and injury risk is essential. Coaches should be aware of hormonal fluctuations and their potential impact on performance, adapting training accordingly.


a woman with a barbell on her shoulders as she readies to do a squat in a gym

How to Address the Myths Around Weightlifting for Women

Strength training, often misconstrued as detrimental to female athletes, is highly important for improving performance and reducing injury risk. Coaches should dispel myths surrounding weightlifting and incorporate strength training into their athletes’ routines.


a woman hunched over after running a road with mountains in the background

How to Prevent The Female Athlete Triad as a Coach

The Female Athlete Triad – a condition characterized by disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis – poses a significant threat to female athletes’ health. Coaches should be vigilant in identifying symptoms and promoting healthy habits to prevent this condition.


a woman running on the road with an old barn in the background

What it Takes to Coach Female Athletes with Perimenopause and Menopause

Perimenopause and menopause bring about significant physiological changes. Coaches should be knowledgeable about these changes and provide targeted guidance to maintain performance, recovery and overall health during this transitional period.


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